A proposal to let schools arm volunteer “sentinels” to protect against threats is on its way to the South Dakota Senate.
The school sentinels bill, House Bill 1087, passed a key Senate committee 5-4 Friday, and needs only approval from the Senate to head to Gov. Dennis Daugaard to be signed into law.
Under the proposal, school boards could vote to arm sentinels provided local law enforcement approved and the sentinels underwent training with the state.
Rural schools, located far from local law enforcement and without police resource officers, want the proposal’s flexibility, advocates said.
“If we think we’re immune in South Dakota from school violence, we should probably think again,” said Sen. Craig Tieszen, R-Rapid City. “Our local school officials and local school boards need to be making a decision about the security of their schools.”
Rep. Scott Craig, R-Rapid City, and other supporters emphasized the local control.
“For the schools that do not want ever to have anybody armed… they should want this bill,” Craig said. “It is this bill that guarantees that they make the decision to never have anyone armed.”
But what Sen. Larry Lucas called “the (key) issue of the 2013 legislative session” has plenty of opponents. Most major school groups testified in opposition, saying the sentinels program was risky and unwanted.
Jeff Marlette, a general in the South Dakota National Guard and the superintendent of the New Underwood School District, lamented that South Dakotans would now ask if “our state has gotten so bad and so dangerous and so unsafe that we must now attend school in an armed fortress.”
Lobbyists for the state’s school boards and school administrators proposed an alternative, to set up a task force studying school security. If that task force recommended school sentinels, they said, they could support it, but saw the current proposal as too rushed.
“This amendment would give you another option to talk about school safety,” said Wade Pogany, executive director of the Associated School Boards of South Dakota. “Let’s put a task force together that’s made up of these stakeholders and bring recommendations so school boards could have options to look at.”
But the committee rejected that amendment, with members questioning whether such a task force would produce new mandates and objecting to the last-minute nature of the proposal.
The Senate committee did make several changes to the proposal, notably removing a section added in the House that kept decisions about the sentinels program secret.
Tieszen, the prime sponsor of the bill, endorsed that change.
“This must be a publicly made decision,” Tieszen said.
Rep. Hal Wick, R-Sioux Falls, supports keeping the decision private. He said it would keep would-be attackers in the dark about which schools were and were not defended, and thus provide more protection to everyone.
Once a district has adopted a sentinels program, decisions about it — such as which people were armed — could be made behind closed doors.
Another change might be coming in the full Senate. Sen. Larry Rhoden, R-Union Center, said he’s interested in specifying that voters can refer a decision to create a sentinels program to a public election.
Senate passage isn’t assured, with many lawmakers skeptical. Sen. Jason Frerichs, D-Wilmot, suggested the sentinels bill wasn’t necessary because volunteers could be deputized by their local sheriff to defend the school.
Sen. Corey Brown, R-Gettysburg, said he likes the concept but has too many unanswered questions.
“If we’re going to do something like this, I need to feel more than reasonably confident that we’ve covered all our bases,” Brown said.
But supporters said the sentinels program is both needed and well-thought-out.
“I don’t think anyone has promoted this as the ultimate solution to the problem we face,” said Rhoden. “But it is a step.”
Sen. Dan Lederman, R-Dakota Dunes, said it was a good proposal that keeps decisions with local government.
“What I like about this bill is its permissive nature,” Lederman said. “This bill will maximize local control.”
Sen. Russell Olson, R-Wentworth, lambasted schools for opposing the local option.
“Do you just want the softballs? Do you just want the easy decisions?” he asked school representatives. “When it gets tough should it come back to the Legislature? Make up your mind.”
The Senate must take action on the sentinels bill by March 5, though it has yet to be scheduled for debate. Because the Senate has amended the version passed by the House earlier this month, the House would then get another vote, to either approve the Senate version or try to negotiate a compromise.
Craig said House members will likely be divided on whether removing the secrecy provision is a good move.
If the Legislature approves the sentinels bill, it will head to Gov. Dennis Daugaard, who likes the concept and is studying the proposal’s specific details.